Thallus yellow-green to grey- green, bushy, up to 5 cm tall. Base persistent and generally cracked and blackened. Medulla thin with a stout central core. Main and secondary branches have many pointed branchlets but have no isidia or soralia. Fawn apothecia (up to 1 cm) are frequent at the end of branches. They are surrounded by ray-like spinulose branchlets.
Mainly on twigs and branches in the canopy of broad-leaved trees but occasionally on other exposed, well-lit surfaces. In sheltered and humid locations.
South and West of Britain and Ireland, but rare in Southern Scotland.
Very sensitive to ammonia pollution and declining due to agricultural intensification
Britain: Near Threatened
England: Section 41 species
Wales: Section 7 species
Scotland: Priority Taxon for Biodiversity in Scotland